Multiple Chemical Sensitivity

Bibliography: Alphabetical Complete


Bibliography of scientific articles, editorials, books, book chapters, reports on or directly related to Multiple Chemical Sensitivity disorders

(excluding those published in journals of Clinical Ecology and letters to editors)

609 References Published from 1945 through September 1999
Sorted Alphabetically by Last Name of First Author (and within any Author, by Year)

Compiled by Albert Donnay, MHS
MCS Referral & Resources
6101 Gentry Lane, Baltimore, MD 21210
Please call (410) 889-6666 to inform us of any additions or corrections

Comprehensive MCS Bibliography:

  1. Adamec, R. 1994. Modelling anxiety disorders following chemical exposures. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:391-420.
  2. Advancing the understanding of multiple chemical sensitivity. Proceedings of the Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics Workshop on Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Washington, DC, 20-21 September 1991. 8, 1-257. 1992.
  3. Albright, J.F. and R.A. Goldstein. 1992. Is there evidence of an immunologic basis for multiple chemical sensitivity?. [Review] [18 refs]. Toxicol Ind Health 8:215-219.
  4. Altenkirch, H. 1995. [Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome]. [German]. Gesundheitswesen. 57:661-666.
  5. Altenkirch, H., D. Hopmann, B. Brockmeier, and G. Walter. 1996. Neurological investigations in 23 cases of pyrethroid intoxication reported to the German Federal Health Office. Neurotoxicology 17:645-651.
  6. American Academy of Allergy and Immunology, E.C. 1986. Clinical ecology. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 78:269-271.
  7. American Academy of Allergy, A.a.I. 1999. Position statement: idiopathic environmental intolerances. J Allergy Clin Immunol 103:36-40.
  8. American Academy of Allergy. 1980. American Academy of Allergy: statement by the Executive Committee. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 66:431-431.
  9. American Academy of Allergy. 1981. American Academy of Allergy: position statements--controversial techniques. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 67:333-338.
  10. American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. ACOEM Statement on multiple chemical hypersensitivity syndrome, multiple chemical sensitivities, environmental tobacco smoke, and indoor air quality. ACOEM Report 27 April 1993 addendum to 2 May 1991 position statement. 1993.
  11. American College of Physicians. 1989. Clinical ecology. [see comments]. Ann.Intern.Med. 111:168-178.
  12. American Medical Association Council on Scientific Affairs. 1992. Clinical ecology. [see comments]. J.A.M.A. 268:3465-3467.
  13. Amundsen, M.A., N.P. Hanson, B.K. Bruce, T.D. Lantz, M.S. Schwartz, and B.M. Lukach. 1996. Odor aversion of multiple chemical sensitivities: recommendation for a name change and description of successful behavioral medicine treatment. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S116-8
  14. Anderson, J.H. 1997. Reactions to carpet emissions: A case series. J Nutr Env Med 7:177-185.
  15. Anderson, R.C. and J.H. Anderson. 1997. Toxic effects of air freshener emissions. Arch Environ Health 52:433-441.
  16. Anderson, R.C. and J.H. Anderson. 1998. Acute toxic effects of fragrance products. Arch Environ Health 53:138-146.
  17. Anderson, R.C. and J.H. Anderson. 1999. Sensory irritation and multiple chemical sensitivity. Toxicol Ind Health 15:339-345.
  18. Andine, P., L. Ronnback, and B. Jarvholm. 1997. Successful use of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor in a patient with multiple chemical sensitivities. Acta Psychiatr Scand 96:82-83.
  19. Anger, W.K. 1990. Worksite behavioral research. Results, sensitive methods, test batteries and the transition from laboratory data to human health. [Review]. Neurotoxicology 11:627-717.
  20. Anonymous. 1991. What is making these people sick? Chemocology
  21. Anonymous1996. Conclusions and recommendations of a workshop on multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS) February 21-23, 1996, Berlin Germany. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:S188-S189
  22. Anonymous1998. NIEHS seeks data on multiple chemical sensitivity [news]. Environ Health Perspect 106:A226
  23. Antelman, S.M. 1994. Time-dependent sensitization in animals: a possible model of multiple chemical sensitivity in humans. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:335-342.
  24. Apfel, B. and H. Csef. 1995. [Fear of environmental poisons--justified fear or psychiatric disorder?]. Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 45:90-96.
  25. Arnetz, B.B., M. Berg, I. Anderzen, T. Lundeberg, and E. Haker. 1995. A nonconventional approach to the treatment of "environmental illness". J.Occup.Environ.Med. 37:838-844.
  26. Asero, R. 1998. Detection of patients with multiple drug allergy syndrome by elective tolerance tests. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 80:185-188.
  27. Ashford, N. A., Heinzow, B., Lutjen, K., Marouli, C., Molhave, L., Monch, B., Papadopoulos, S., Rest, K., Rosdahl, D., Siskos, P., and Velonakis, E. Chemical sensitivity in selected European countries: an exploratory study. A report to the European Union. 1995. Athens, Greece, Ergonomia.
  28. Ashford, N.A. 1999. Low-level chemical sensitivity: implications for research and social policy. Toxicol Ind Health 15:421-427.
  29. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1991. Chemical Exposures: Low Levels and High Stakes, 1st edition. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
  30. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1992. Case Definitions for Mulitple Chemical Sensitivity. In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to Biologic Markers in Immunotoxicology. AnonymousNational Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 41-63.
  31. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1993. Mulitple chemical sensitivity. Health Env.Digest 6:11
  32. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1996. Low-level chemical sensitivity: current perspectives. [Review] [28 refs]. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 68:367-376.
  33. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1998. Chemical Exposures: Low Levels and High Stakes, 2nd edition. Wiley & Sons, New York.
  34. Baker, G.P. 1997. Intimidation of researchers by special-interest groups [letter; comment]. N Engl J Med 337:1314-5;:discussion 1315-6.
  35. Baldwin, C. M., Bell, I. R., O'Rourke, M., Nadella, M., and Lebowitz, M. D. Personal and parental cardiopulmonary and diabetes: medical risk ratios in a community sample with and without sensitivity to chemical stressors, Presentation at the 16th Annual Meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, March 22-25, 1995. 1995. San Diego, CA.
  36. Baldwin, C.M. and I.R. Bell. 1998. Increased cardiopulmonary disease risk in a community-based sample with chemical odor intolerance: implications for women's health and health- care utilization. Arch Environ Health 53:347-353.
  37. Baldwin, C.M., I.R. Bell, and M.K. O'Rourke. 1999. Odor sensitivity and respiratory complaint profiles in a community- based sample with asthma, hay fever, and chemical odor intolerance. Toxicol Ind Health 15:403-409.
  38. Baldwin, C.M., I.R. Bell, M. O'Rourke, and M.D. Lebowitz. 1997. The association of respiratory problems in a community sample of self-reported chemical intolerance. Eur J Epidemiol 13:547-552.
  39. Baldwin, C.M., I.R. Bell, M. O'Rourke, S. Nadella, and M.D. Lebowitz. 1998. Allergen risk ratios for a community sample with and without self-reports of multiple chemical sensitivity. Chem Senses 20:661-662.
  40. Bannikov, E.A. 1986. [A method of determining the sensitivity to chemical substances in experimental studies and in patients with occupational dermatitis using the erythrocyte sedimentation reaction]. Gig.Tr.Prof.Zabol. 45-46.
  41. Banov, C. and J. Ring. 1996. Clinical Ecology Syndrome. ACI International 8:106-108.
  42. Baraniuk, J.N., D.J. Clauw, and E. Gaumond. 1998. Rhinitis symptoms in chronic fatigue syndrome. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 81:359-365.
  43. Bardana, E.J. and A. Montanaro. 1989. 'Chemically sensitive' patients: Avoiding the pitfalls. J.Respir.Dis. 10:32-45.
  44. Bardana, E.J. and A. Montanaro. 1991. Chemical sensitivity. In Current Therapy in Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology. L.M. Lichtenstein and A.S. Fauci, editors. Mosby-Year Book, St. Louis.
  45. Bardana, E.J., Jr., A. Montanaro, and M.T. O'Hollaren. 1988. Building-related illness. A review of available scientific data. Clin.Rev.Allergy 6:61-89.
  46. Barinaga, M. 1991. Better data needed on sensitivity syndrome [news]. Science 251:1558-1558.
  47. Barnes, P.J. 1990. Neurogenic inflammation in airways and its modulation. Arch.Int.Pharmacodyn.Ther. 303:67-82.
  48. Barnes, P.J. 1991. Neurogenic inflammation in airways. Int.Arch.Allergy Appl.Immunol. 94:303-309.
  49. Barsky, A.J. and G.L. Klerman. 1983. Overview: hypochondriasis, bodily complaints, and somatic styles. Am.J.Psychiatry 140:273-283.
  50. Barsky, A.J. and J.F. Borus. 1995. Somatization in the era of managed care. JAMA 274:1931-1934.
  51. Barsky, A.J. and J.F. Borus. 1999. Functional somatic syndromes. Ann Intern Med 130:910-921.
  52. Bartha, L., W. Baumzweiger, D.S. Buscher, T. Callender, K.A. Dahl, A.L. Davidoff, A. Donnay, S.B. Edelson, B.D. Elson, E. Elliott, D.P. Flayhan, G. Heuser, P.M. Keyl, K.H. Kilburn, P. Gibson, L.A. Jason, J. Krop, R.D. Mazlen, R.G. McGill, J. McTamney, W.J. Meggs, W. Morton, M. Nass, L.C. Oliver, D.D. Panjwani, L.A. Plumlee, D.J. Rapp, M.B. Shayevitz, J. Sherman, R.M. Singer, A. Solomon, A. Vodjani, J.M. Woods, and G. Ziem. 1999. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: A 1999 Consensus. Arch Environ Health 54:147-149.
  53. Bascom, R. 1991. The upper respiratory tract: mucous membrane irritation. [Review] [40 refs]. Environ Health Perspect 95:39-44.
  54. Bascom, R. 1992. Differential responsiveness to irritant mixtures. Possible mechanisms. Ann.N.Y.Acad.Sci. 641:225-247.
  55. Bascom, R. 1992. Multiple chemical sensitivity: a respiratory disorder? Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:221-228.
  56. Bascom, R. Chemical Hypersensitivity Syndrome Study: Options for Action, A Literature Review, and a Needs Assessment. 1989. Maryland, State of Maryland, Dept. of the Environment.
  57. Bascom, R., W.J. Meggs, M. Frampton, K. Hudnell, K. Kilburn, G. Kobal, M. Medinsky, and W. Rea. 1997. Neurogenic inflammation: with additional discussion of central and perceptual integration of nonneurogenic inflammation. Environ Health Perspect 105:531-537.
  58. Bealer, S.L. and D.V. Smith. 1975. Multiple sensitivity to chemical stimuli in single human taste papillae. Physiol.Behav. 14:795-799.
  59. Bell, I. R., Glowa, J., Sheridan, J., Hudnell, Hk, MacPhail, Rc, Miller, D, Tilson, H, Benignus, V, Boyes, W, Bushnell, P, and Gilbert, M. Workshop on Animal Models of Nervous System Susceptibility to Indoor Air Contaminants, Summary Report, October 19-21, 1994. 1-61. 1995. Chapel Hill, NC, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
  60. Bell, I.R. 1975. A kindling model of mediation for food and chemical sensitivities: biobehavioral implications. Ann.Allergy 35:206-215.
  61. Bell, I.R. 1982. Clinical Ecology. Common Knowledge Press, Bolinas, CA.
  62. Bell, I.R. 1987. Environmental illness and health: the controversy and challenge of clinical ecology for mind-body health. Advances 4:45-55.
  63. Bell, I.R. 1994. White paper: Neuropsychiatric aspects of sensitivity to low- level chemicals: a neural sensitization model. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:277-312.
  64. Bell, I.R. 1996. Clinically relevant EEG studies and psychophysiological findings: possible neural mechanisms for multiple chemical sensitivity. [Review]. Toxicology 111(1-3):101-117.
  65. Bell, I.R., C.M. Baldwin, and G.E. Schwartz. 1998. Illness from low levels of environmental chemicals: relevance to chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. Am J Med 105:74S-82S.
  66. Bell, I.R., C.M. Baldwin, L.G. Russek, G.E. Schwartz, and E.E. Hardin. 1998. Early life stress, negative paternal relationships, and chemical intolerance in middle-aged women: support for a neural sensitization model. J Womens.Health 7:1135-1147.
  67. Bell, I.R., C.M. Baldwin, M. Fernandez, and G.E. Schwartz. 1999. Neural sensitization model for multiple chemical sensitivity: overview of theory and empirical evidence. Toxicol Ind Health 15:295-304.
  68. Bell, I.R., C.S. Miller, and G.E. Schwartz. 1992. An olfactory-limbic model of multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome: possible relationships to kindling and affective spectrum disorders. Biol.Psychiatry 32:218-242.
  69. Bell, I.R., C.S. Miller, G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, and D. Amend. 1996. Neuropsychiatric and somatic characteristics of young adults with and without self-reported chemical odor intolerance and chemical sensitivity. [Review] [114 refs]. Arch Environ.Health 51:9-21.
  70. Bell, I.R., D. Amend, A.W. Kaszniak, and G.E. Schwartz. 1993. Memory deficits, sensory impairment, and depression in the elderly [letter]. Lancet 341:62-62.
  71. Bell, I.R., E.E. Hardin, C.M. Baldwin, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Increased limbic system symptomatology and sensitizability of young adults with chemical and noise sensitivities. Environ Res 70:84-97.
  72. Bell, I.R., E.J. Markley, D.S. King, S. Asher, D. Marby, H. Kayne, M. Greenwald, D.A. Ogar, and S. Margen. 1993. Polysymptomatic syndromes and autonomic reactivity to nonfood stressors in individuals with self-reported adverse food reactions. J.Am.Coll.Nutr. 12:227-238.
  73. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, C.M. Baldwin, and E.E. Hardin. 1996. Neural sensitization and physiological markers in multiple chemical sensitivity. [Review] [74 refs]. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S39-47
  74. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, C.M. Baldwin, E.E. Hardin, and J.P. Kline. 1998. Differential resting quantitative electroencephalographic alpha patterns in women with environmental chemical intolerance, depressives, and normals. Biol Psychiatry 43:376-388.
  75. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, C.M. Baldwin, E.E. Hardin, N.G. Klimas, J.P. Kline, R. Patarca, and Z.-Y. Song. 1997. Individual differences in neural sensitization and the role of context in illness from low-level environmental chemical exposures. Environ Health Perspect 105:457-466.
  76. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, D. Amend, J.M. Peterson, A.W. Kaszniak, and C.S. Miller. 1994. Psychological characteristics and subjective intolerance for xenobiotic agents of normal young adults with trait shyness and defensiveness. A parkinsonian-like personality type? J Nerv Ment Dis 182:367-374.
  77. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, D. Amend, J.M. Peterson, and W.A. Stini. 1994. Sensitization to early life stress and response to chemical odors in older adults. Biol.Psychiatry 35:857-863.
  78. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, and D. Amend. 1993. Self-reported illness from chemical odors in young adults without clinical syndromes or occupational exposures. Arch.Environ.Health 48:6-13.
  79. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, and D. Amend. 1993. Symptom and personality profiles of young adults from a college student population with self-reported illness from foods and chemicals. J.Am.Coll.Nutr. 12:693-702.
  80. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, D. Amend, and W.A. Stini. 1993. Possible time-dependent sensitization to xenobiotics: self- reported illness from chemical odors, foods, and opiate drugs in an older adult population. Arch.Environ.Health 48:315-327.
  81. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, R.R. Bootzin, and J.K. Wyatt. 1997. Time-dependent sensitization of heart rate and blood pressure over multiple laboratory sessions in elderly individuals with chemical odor intolerance. Arch Environ Health 52:6-17.
  82. Bell, I.R., J.3. Rossi, M.E. Gilbert, G. Kobal, L.A. Morrow, D.B. Newlin, B.A. Sorg, and R.W. Wood. 1997. Testing the neural sensitization and kindling hypothesis for illness from low levels of environmental chemicals. Environ Health Perspect 105:539-547.
  83. Bell, I.R., J.K. Wyatt, R.R. Bootzin, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Slowed reaction time performance on a divided attention task in elderly with environmental chemical odor intolerance. Int.J Neurosci. 84:127-134.
  84. Bell, I.R., J.M. Peterson, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Medical histories and psychological profiles of middle-aged women with and without self-reported illness from environmental chemicals. J Clin Psychiatry 56:151-160.
  85. Bell, I.R., J.M. Peterson, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Medical histories and psychological profiles of middle-aged women with and without self-reported illness from environmental chemicals. J Clin Psychiatry 56:151-160.
  86. Bell, I.R., J.P. Kline, G.E. Schwartz, and J.M. Peterson. 1998. Quantitative EEG patters during nose versus mouth inhalation of filtered room air in young adults with and without self-reported chemical intolerance. Int J Psyshophysiol 58:50-57.
  87. Bell, I.R., L. Warg-Damiani, C.M. Baldwin, M.E. Walsh, and G.E. Schwartz. 1998. Self-reported chemical sensitivity and wartime chemical exposures in Gulf War veterans with and without decreased global health ratings. Mil.Med 163:725-732.
  88. Bell, I.R., M.E. Walsh, A. Goss, J. Gersmeyer, G.E. Schwartz, and P. Kanof. 1997. Cognitive dysfunction and disability in geriatric veterans with self reported intolerance to environmental chemicals. J.Chronic Fatigue Syn. 3:15-42.
  89. Bell, I.R., R. Patarca, C.M. Baldwin, N.G. Klimas, G.E. Schwartz, and E.E. Hardin. 1998. Serum neopterin and somatization in women with chemical intolerance, depressives, and normals. Neuropsychobiology 38:13-18.
  90. Bell, I.R., R.R. Bootzin, C. Ritenbaugh, J.K. Wyatt, G. DeGiovanni, T. Kulinovich, J.L. Anthony, T.F. Kuo, S.P. Rider, J.M. Peterson, G.E. Schwartz, and K.A. Johnson. 1996. A polysomnographic study of sleep disturbance in community elderly with self-reported environmental chemical odor intolerance. Biol Psychiatry 40:123-133.
  91. Bell, I.R., R.R. Bootzin, T.P. Davis, V. Hau, C. Ritenbaugh, K.A. Johnson, and G.E. Schwartz. 1996. Time-dependent sensitization of plasma beta-endorphin in community elderly with self-reported environmental chemical odor intolerance. Biol Psychiatry 40:134-143.
  92. Benignus, V.A. 1997. Systematic considerations in the area of multiple chemical sensitivity. Environ Health Perspect 105:485
  93. Berg, M., B.B. Arnetz, S. Liden, P. Eneroth, and A. Kallner. 1992. Techno-stress. A psychophysiological study of employees with VDU- associated skin complaints [see comments]. J.Occup.Med. 34:698-701.
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  95. Berkson, J. 1994. Patient statement: a canary's tale. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:323-326.
  96. Bernstein, D.I. 1996. Multiple chemical sensitivity: state of the art symposium. The role of chemical allergens. [Review] [18 refs]. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S28-31
  97. Binkley, K.E. and S. Kutcher. 1997. Panic response to sodium lactate infusion in patients with multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome [see comments]. J Allergy Clin Immunol 99:570-574.
  98. Black, D.W. 1993. Environmental illness and misdiagnosis--a growing problem. Regul.Toxicol.Pharmacol. 18:23-31.
  99. Black, D.W. 1996. Iatrogenic (physician-induced) hypochondriasis. Psychosomatics 37:390-393.
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  101. Black, D.W., A. Rathe, and R.B. Goldstein. 1990. Environmental illness. A controlled study of 26 subjects with '20th century disease' [see comments]. J.A.M.A. 264:3166-3170.
  102. Black, D.W., A. Rathe, and R.B. Goldstein. 1993. Measures of distress in 26 "environmentally ill" subjects. Psychosomatics 34:131-138.
  103. Black, D.W., C. Okiishi, J. Gabel, and S. Schlosser. 1999. Psychiatric illness in the first-degree relatives of persons reporting multiple chemical sensitivities. Toxicol Ind Health 15:410-414.
  104. Bland, J., E. Barrager, and R. Reddy. 1995. A Medical Food-Supplemental Detoxification Program in the Management of Chronic Health Problems. Alt.Therapies 62-71.
  105. Blaschko, S., T. Zilker, and H. Forstl. 1999. [Idiopathic environmental intolerance (IPI)--formerly multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS)--from the psychiatric perspective]. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 67:175-187.
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  107. Bock, K.W. and N. Birbaumer. 1997. MCS (Multiple Chemical Sensitivity): cooperation between toxicology and psychology may facilitate solutions of the problems: commentary. Hum Exp Toxicol 16:481-484.
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  109. Bolla, K.I. 1996. Neurobehavioral performance in multiple chemical sensitivities. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S52-4
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